Types of Construction Material | How Many Types of Construction Material | Civil Engineering Construction Materials

  There are several types of construction materials that are commonly used in building and infrastructure projects. Here are some of the most common types of construction materials: Concrete: A popular construction material made from cement, water, and aggregates like sand and gravel. It is used in the construction of buildings, roads, bridges, and other infrastructure. Steel: A strong and durable material that is commonly used in building frames, bridges, and other structures that require high strength-to-weight ratios. Wood: A natural, renewable resource that is commonly used in the construction of residential buildings and other structures. It is also used for formwork in concrete construction. Bricks: Made from clay or other materials and used for building walls and other structures. Bricks can be used for both load-bearing and non-load-bearing applications. Stone: A durable and aesthetically pleasing construction material used for building facades, walls, and other features.

How to Calculate the Quantity of Plaster | How to Calculate Quantity of Cement, Sand and Water For Plastering


To find the quantity of plaster is very easy just we required your very few minutes. The below points always are helpful to everyone at the site when you are required to calculate the plaster quantity (water, cement, and sand). 

Plaster generally ratio used in construction = 1: 6 (1 part of cement and 6 part of sand).

Roof plaster ratio use = 1: 4

The thickness of the plaster is between =12 mm - 15 mm.

For a Better understanding please see below 


Suppose the plaster area is  200 square meters ( Length 20m and wide 10)

The ratio of plaster 1: 4 and the thick plaster is 13 mm.

We have to calculate the quantity required of water, Cement, and Sand.

Available Data

Plaster Thickness = 13 mm = 0.013 m   we know 1 m = 1000 mm

Area = 200 square meters 

Ratio = 1: 4

Quantity =? 



The volume of cement mortar required = (Area x Thickness)

The wet volume of cement mortar = 200 x 0.013

The wet volume of cement mortar required = 2.6 cubic meter 

Dry volume is 35% more than wet volume so 2.6+(35%×2.6)=3.51 cubic meter 

Sum of ratio 1+4=5

Cement Required 

Required Cement  = (Dry volume x Ratio of plaster x Density cement) / Sum of ratio

Cement  = (3.51x1x1440) / 5   (Density of cement 1440 kg/meter cube)

Cement volume = 1010.88 kg / 50 (1 bag of cement = 50 kg)

Cement in bags    = 20.21 bags

Sand Required 

Sand volume = (Dry volume x Ratio x 35.3147) / Sum of ratio

Sand volume = (3.51 x 4 x 35.3147)/5        (1-meter cube = 35.3147 cubic feet)

Sand volume = 99.16 Cubic feet

Water Required 

Water volume    = (Weight of cement x water-cement ratio)

Water     = 1010.88 x 0.5     (0.5 kg water in 1 kg of Cement)

Water     = 505.4 kg or 505.4 Litters

Material Summary 

Cement = 1010.88 kg

Sand = 99.16 cubic feet

Water = 505.4 Litters


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